The Different Types of Movements

Watches have been a part of our daily lives for centuries and have undergone several transformations over the years. One of the most significant changes that have taken place in the world of watches is the evolution of their movements. A watch movement, also known as a calibre, refers to the mechanism inside a watch that powers its functions, such as telling time, displaying the date, and tracking elapsed time.

There are various types of vintage watch movements, each with its unique features and specifications. In this article, we will explore the different types of vintage watch movements and understand the differences between them.

Manual Movement

The manual movement, also known as the hand-wound movement, is the simplest and most traditional type of watch movement. It is a mechanical movement that requires the wearer to wind the watch regularly to keep it running. The manual movement is typically more accurate than other movements, and it is also considered to be the most traditional form of watchmaking.

Automatic Movement

The automatic movement, also known as the self-winding movement, is a type of mechanical movement that winds itself through the natural movement of the wearer’s wrist. The automatic movement is typically more convenient than the manual movement, as it does not require the wearer to wind the watch regularly. However, it is also more complex and can be more prone to malfunction.

Quartz Movement

The quartz movement is a type of electronic movement that uses a battery to power the watch. Quartz movements are highly accurate and are considered to be one of the most reliable types of movements available. They are also much cheaper to manufacture than mechanical movements, making them a popular choice for budget-friendly watches.

Hybrid Movement

The hybrid movement is a combination of a mechanical movement and a quartz movement. This type of movement combines the traditional mechanics of a mechanical movement with the accuracy of a quartz movement. The result is a movement that is both reliable and accurate, making it a popular choice for those who want the best of both worlds.

Chronograph Movement

The chronograph movement is a type of movement that is specifically designed to measure elapsed time. This type of movement is typically found in sports and diving watches, as it allows the wearer to track time during an event or activity. Chronograph movements can be mechanical or quartz, and they typically feature additional sub-dials or stopwatch functions.


In conclusion, there are several different types of vintage watch movements, each with its own unique features and specifications. Whether you prefer a manual, automatic, quartz, hybrid, or chronograph movement, there is a vintage watch that is perfect for your needs.

At International Clock & Watch Fairs, our experts are always available to help you find the perfect vintage watch to suit your needs. If you have any questions or would like to learn more about vintage watches, you can reach out to us via DM on Instagram @watchfairs.