Vintage Watches: A Guide to Understanding Different Types of Movements

Vintage Watches: A Guide to Understanding Different Types of Movements

The Different Types of Movements

Watches have been a part of our daily lives for centuries and have undergone several transformations over the years. One of the most significant changes that have taken place in the world of watches is the evolution of their movements. A watch movement, also known as a calibre, refers to the mechanism inside a watch that powers its functions, such as telling time, displaying the date, and tracking elapsed time.

There are various types of vintage watch movements, each with its unique features and specifications. In this article, we will explore the different types of vintage watch movements and understand the differences between them.

Manual Movement

The manual movement, also known as the hand-wound movement, is the simplest and most traditional type of watch movement. It is a mechanical movement that requires the wearer to wind the watch regularly to keep it running. The manual movement is typically more accurate than other movements, and it is also considered to be the most traditional form of watchmaking.

Automatic Movement

The automatic movement, also known as the self-winding movement, is a type of mechanical movement that winds itself through the natural movement of the wearer’s wrist. The automatic movement is typically more convenient than the manual movement, as it does not require the wearer to wind the watch regularly. However, it is also more complex and can be more prone to malfunction.

Quartz Movement

The quartz movement is a type of electronic movement that uses a battery to power the watch. Quartz movements are highly accurate and are considered to be one of the most reliable types of movements available. They are also much cheaper to manufacture than mechanical movements, making them a popular choice for budget-friendly watches.

Hybrid Movement

The hybrid movement is a combination of a mechanical movement and a quartz movement. This type of movement combines the traditional mechanics of a mechanical movement with the accuracy of a quartz movement. The result is a movement that is both reliable and accurate, making it a popular choice for those who want the best of both worlds.

Chronograph Movement

The chronograph movement is a type of movement that is specifically designed to measure elapsed time. This type of movement is typically found in sports and diving watches, as it allows the wearer to track time during an event or activity. Chronograph movements can be mechanical or quartz, and they typically feature additional sub-dials or stopwatch functions.


In conclusion, there are several different types of vintage watch movements, each with its own unique features and specifications. Whether you prefer a manual, automatic, quartz, hybrid, or chronograph movement, there is a vintage watch that is perfect for your needs.

At International Clock & Watch Fairs, our experts are always available to help you find the perfect vintage watch to suit your needs. If you have any questions or would like to learn more about vintage watches, you can reach out to us via DM on Instagram @watchfairs.

How to Spot a Fake Omega Watch Online

How to Spot a Fake Omega Watch Online

Learn How to Spot a Fake Omega Watch

In today’s fast-paced digital age, online shopping has become increasingly popular. This includes buying luxury watches, such as Omega, online. However, with the convenience of online shopping comes the risk of encountering fake watches. It is essential to know how to spot a fake Omega watch to ensure that you get the real deal and avoid being scammed.
Here are 5 things to consider when shopping for an Omega watch online:

1. Price

One of the most significant indicators of a fake Omega watch is a price that is too good to be true. If you find an Omega watch at a significantly lower price than the recommended retail price, it is most likely a fake. Genuine Omega watches are priced relatively consistently across authorised dealers, and drastic reductions in price should raise red flags.

2. Website

Be wary of websites that sell Omega watches at prices that are too low. These websites may be scams, and they may not even have the watch in stock. They may take your money and then never deliver the watch, or they may send you a fake. Look for websites that are authorised Omega dealers and have a good reputation.

3. Photos

Examine the photos of the Omega watch closely. Look for inconsistencies in the photos, such as differences in the logo, markings, or any other details. If the photos appear to be of low quality or have been altered, it is likely that the watch is fake.

4. Serial Number

Omega watches have a serial number that is unique to each watch. This serial number can be used to verify the authenticity of the watch. You can check the serial number against the Omega website to see if the watch is genuine. If the serial number does not match, the watch is most likely fake.

5. Materials

Omega uses high-quality materials in the production of their watches. Pay close attention to the materials used in the watch, such as the metal, leather, and glass. If the materials look cheap or of low quality, it is likely that the watch is fake.


In conclusion, when shopping for an Omega watch online, it is essential to be cautious and to take the necessary steps to ensure that you are buying a genuine product. The 5 things to consider when shopping for an Omega watch online are price, website, photos, serial number, and materials.

If you are still unsure about the authenticity of the Omega watch, don’t hesitate to reach out to the experts at International Clock & Watch Fairs. They are available to help via DM on Instagram using the @watchfairs handle. With their expertise, you can be confident that you are making a wise investment in a genuine Omega watch.

Choosing the perfect wristwatch for your outfit

Choosing the perfect wristwatch for your outfit

Choosing a watch to match your outfit

Choosing the perfect wristwatch for your outfit can be a tricky task. With so many styles, brands, and designs to choose from, it’s important to consider a few key factors to make sure you pick the right one.

Here are the top 10 things to think about when choosing a wristwatch that will complement your outfit:

  1. Purpose: Consider the occasion and the purpose of the wristwatch. Is it for daily wear, formal events, or sports activities? This will help determine the style and functionality you should look for.

  2. Style:
    Wristwatches come in a variety of styles, from classic to modern. Choose a style that complements your personal taste and the overall look of your outfit.


  3. Size: The size of the watch should be proportional to your wrist. A watch that is too small can look too dainty, while a watch that is too large can look overpowering.
  4. Material: The material of the watch, such as metal, leather, or silicone, should match the material of other accessories you are wearing, such as your belt or shoes.
  5. Colour: The colour of the watch should complement the colours in your outfit. A neutral colour, such as black, brown, or silver, is a safe choice and can be easily paired with any outfit.
  6. Movement: There are two types of movement in wristwatches: quartz and mechanical. Quartz watches are battery-operated and more accurate, while mechanical watches are powered by a spring and are often considered more traditional. Choose the type of movement that best suits your needs.
  7. Brand: Consider the reputation and style of the brand you are interested in. Some brands are known for their classic designs, while others are known for their innovative technology.
  8. Price: Determine your budget for a wristwatch. High-end watches can be expensive, but there are also many affordable options that offer quality and style.
  9. Features: Think about the features you want in a wristwatch, such as a stopwatch, alarm, or water resistance. Make sure the watch you choose has all the features you need.
  10. Personal taste: Ultimately, the wristwatch you choose should reflect your personal taste and style. Consider the watch as an extension of your personal style, and choose one that makes you feel confident and comfortable.

In conclusion, choosing the perfect wristwatch for your outfit takes time and careful consideration. By taking into account the purpose, style, size, material, colour, movement, brand, price, features, and personal taste, you can be confident that you are making the right choice. Whether you’re looking for a watch for everyday wear or a special occasion, there is a perfect wristwatch out there for you.

How to spot a fake watch

How to spot a fake watch

Seven Steps to Avoid Buying a Fake Watch

Is that watch real?

Luxury watches are popular and valuable, but there are dishonest vendors who market fakes as genuine. You can protect your investment by taking proper precautions.

We recommend the following:

    1. Look for a reasonable offer
    2. Compare the product to known genuine items.

    1. Check markings, serial numbers, and other details.

    1. Buy only from a reputable source.

    1. Protect yourself during the purchase.

    1. Warranty & Refund

    1. Check the watch carefully when it arrives.

1. Look for a reasonable offer.

A little research will tell you if a deal is too good to be true. The price with discounts, but real watches still have a price range that is predictable. If a watch looks like a real steal it may not be you who is stealing. ( is a great site to do a manually compare)

2. Compare the product to known genuine items.

Many fakes come from sources that use the same few internal parts and then mark them with a variety of brand names. Unfamiliar buyers may be fooled, but even these watches will not match the legitimate items. Some watch collection’s change fees are usually minor. If the features you buy aren’t going to stay that colour long after you buy them.

Here are some links to popular brands where you can see trustworthy images for comparison:

3. Check The Serial Numbers Thoroughly

Check markings, serial numbers, and other details. Makers of fakes often fail to get the details correct. The member may not match the manufacturer’s standard method.

Patek Serial Numbers

Water-resistance ratings and markings may not match up to genuine watch markings. Even something such as text is in place and is not genuine.

retouched watch dials?

Retouched watch dials? (photo courtesy of

Check the appearance of the crown, buttons, and watch face to be sure they match exactly the image available from the manufacturer. It isn’t cheap or easy to copy these details faithfully and fakes don’t come from high-cost manufacturing experts.

Rolex Crowns

Rolex Crowns (Photo courtesy of

Some sources habitually spell things incorrectly, so read everything on the watch carefully. Find out what collectors and ails by visiting trustworthy blogs and forums such as these:

Chronocentric – Fake and Counterfeit Watches – This is an excellent and informative article on how to avoid getting burned when buying a watch. – Forums where watch enthusiasts offer expert advice on verifying authenticity and spotting fakes.


4. Buy only from a reputable source

This may seem obvious, but tales of woe often feature such obvious clues as a seller with it that you can verify through independent third-party ratings. It only takes a few minutes to know if the seller has a good name. Check sources like Amazon, eBay, PriceGrabber, and Yahoo ings. If someone bad buys a good business, the reputation over time. Be sure to do some general web searches on the seller’s name and website. A couple of bad reviews don’t make them scam artists, they brave plenty of bad press from unhappy customers that could serve as a warning to others.


5. Protect yourself during the purchase

Buy from a source that provides a warranty and accepts returns for a refund. Read the policies before you buy and make sure to check the length of time given to return an item and the restocking fee. Use a payment method that gives you recourse if there is a problem. Payment methods have different standards of proof and policies. Know them before your money leaves your hands.
Use a traceable and reliable delivery method and know how they handle loss or damage. You don’t line up at the local post office to fill out a claim form, then wait weeks while they do research. Have the watch delivered to you with a signature required allowing it to be dropped at your residence while you are at work.

Warranty and Refund

6. Warranty and Refund

Check the watch carefully when it arrives. Make sure the packaging and documents match the manufacturer’s authentic materials and that you got it all. Resist tearing everything off and trying it on until you are sure things are right. Look the watch over carefully for any imperfections. Almost nobody manufactures stickers or tags and then discovers a problem.

7. Check the watch carefully when it arrives.

Bring the watch to an expert professional to be sized properly. If the finish is damaged by the handling key have the willingness or resources to replace your investment timepiece for the few bucks they charge to remove a link.

Cover image by @fakewatchbusta



Notable Watch Collectors

Notable Watch Collectors



I have worked in the luxury industry for more than 30 years, in London, Paris and New York – starting on the sales floor and then moving into styling and image management, with an emphasis on advertising campaigns for high-profile clients. Companies I have worked with include Hermes, John Lobb, Prada, Revillon/Fendi, Tiffany & Co, Bvlgari, Asprey/Gerrard, Ozwald Boateng Bespoke, and the LVMH and Richemont Groups. My expertise encompasses men’s and women’s wear, leather goods, luggage and footwear, fine jewellery and watches.

My first watch was a Tag Heuer, which I bought with my savings when I was 16. My favourite watch is a Patek Phillip, given to me by my father, for my 21st birthday. Having a passion for watches, over the years I have built up quite a collection, alternating those that I wear to suit the occasion and the way I am dressed. I would like very much to own a Tourbillon Messidor made by Breguet, in platinum.

A watch is a vital part of one’s outfit, from its metal colour and finishes to the colour and texture of the strap – all of which should ideally complement the outfit. Current trends are focused in two directions – larger, sportier styles or jewel-encrusted, in both men’s and women’s styles. The popularity of vintage watches can be explained by the history of the piece and its classic/vintage look, together with the ritual of the hand-wound mechanism which increases the cost of watches manufactured today.

– Patric Persaud




I’m based in London, and my line of business is music and competition cars.
My first watch was a present from my parents in approx 1954 I’m sure it was a Timex… it lasted a surprisingly long time. I have a couple of favourite watches: one is a Rolex Steel Daytona style which I bought at Geneva airport in 1971 when we got paid in real money for a gig (I didn’t see any more money until 1973). The other is a Bremont ALT1-Z/DG model. I love the approach and attitude of the brothers who run the company.

Currently, I’m wearing a Breitling, battery-powered (I still worry about what happens if we are invaded the day the battery goes down). It’s special to me because I got it from a friend who was a pilot in 41 Squadron, who later went on to become a Red Arrow. It has the squadron insignia on the face.

My relationship with time? Try and stay ahead.


Nick Mason



I’m based in Los Angeles, and I’m a writer, stylist and timepiece consultant. I also engage in watch ‘match-making’.

My first watch was a delightful little watch that ticked as a result of a little boy and girl moving back and forth on a see-saw. My “favourite” watch changes too constantly to pin down. Currently I’m wearing a Parmigiani Kalpa Grande. I am absolutely charmed by minute repeaters and clock watches, and I hope to own one some day.

My relationship with time is rather complex, being that I’m human. I suppose I can sum it up by my philosophy: time threatens to make life’s events seem either too far away or ending too soon. I endeavour to relish the moments as they come.

Meehna Goldsmith



I have been working in advertising and branding for ten years so I understand the power of seduction and the creation of desirable objects of luxury. My art revolves a lot around status symbols, Rolex being one. For my screenprint entitled ‘Relax’, just by replacing two letters I achieved the concept at first glance of a Rolex, but at a second look you will see this is a statement. Relax: it’s just a status symbol. If you have one, enjoy it; if not, don’t worry.

I am based between London, Paris and New York – where my work appears on billboards and on bus shelters across the city. My first watch was a Pop Swatch; my favourite watch is the Rolex Daytona Everose Gold; and my dream watch is the Rolex Air King – which is subtle and not overstated.

Through my art, I document the time we live in. It’s a social/political/environmental snapshot of our time.

Max Wiedemann

Max Wiedemann












Vintage Watch Maintenance

Vintage Watch Maintenance


Precision timepieces are designed and built for durability and accuracy. However, there are limits to what a new watch can endure, and as with everything, time and wear take their toll on even the finest timepiece.

Temperature extremes may damage your watch or affect performance. Saunas, hot tubs, and even the dashboard of a car are too hot for most timepieces. The transition between very warm and very cold temperatures can cause damage and is to be avoided. Exposure to extreme cold may cause erratic timekeeping until the watch has reached normal operating temperature.

Nearly all mechanical timepieces are resistant to impact and are suitable for wear during mild sporting activities such as tennis or golf. However, the shock of impact against a hard surface could damage the mechanism, even if the watch is equipped with anti-shock devices.

Avoid exposing your timepiece to harsh chemicals, gases, or solvents. Hair sprays, cosmetics, perfumes, chlorine, adhesives, gasoline, paint, nail polish remover, and household cleaning chemicals can damage the finish of the case and bracelet, damage leather or rubber bands, or even work their way into the watch and damage the mechanism.

Exposure to strong magnetic fields or electronics that emit static electricity may disrupt your timepiece’s operation. Avoid close or continuous proximity to such devices as microwave ovens, televisions, computer monitors, speakers, and mobile phones. Magnetic coin trays or bracelets are also potential sources of trouble. In general, momentary contact is not harmful, but extended contact is to be avoided.

Keeping your watch water-tight is a number one priority. Even a diving watch can develop serious problems if the water tightness is compromised. Only allow qualified experts to service your timepiece. Even changing a battery should always be done by a professional equipped to test for water tightness. If your watch is serviced and not tested for water-tightness, treat it as not water-resistant until it is tested. Adjust the date or time only when the watch is dry to avoid introducing moisture within the timepiece.

Handle the crown gently, but make sure to close it securely after making adjustments. If your timepiece has a screw-type crown be sure to engage the threads properly and close the crown until it is fully closed. Do not force the crown if you feel resistance. Open it and carefully engage the threads before attempting to close it fully. Stop when the corn is fully closed and tight, but avoid using excessive force which could cause damage.


Setting Time and Date

Always refer to the manufacturer’s instructions when setting the time or date on your timepiece. Improper operation can make your watch inaccurate or even cause permanent damage to the mechanism. As mentioned above, never operate the pushes, buttons, or crown if your watch is wet. If your watch has a screw-type crown, be sure to unscrew it before attempting to set the time or date, and to screw it closed securely after making changes to the settings.

Operate the crown gently when switching positions and rotating it to change settings. While durable, the crown and connected parts require careful handling to avoid damage. The date on some watches cannot be set when the display is between certain hours, as this can damage the date mechanism. Check your manufacturer’s instructions carefully to avoid damaging the watch during the date/time setting.

Check the AM/PM time setting before setting the date to avoid having the date change at noon instead of midnight.

If your timepiece has a quick date feature use it only to reach the date prior to the desired date. Then switch to the regular date setting mode and advance the hour until the data reaches the desired date.



A watch worn daily should be allowed to wind down completely before being wound. Watches worn only occasionally should be wound on the same day each week for the best performance. Never wind a watch while worn on the wrist as this can cause damage to the stem.

Manual winding watches use this method:
Grasp the winding stem between thumb and forefinger and gently pull the stem out and away from the watch to engage the winding mechanism.

Rotate the stem forward (towards the 12 on a wristwatch or towards the 9 on a pocket watch) and backward between the thumb and forefinger. Alternately, hold the stem still and rotate the watch body to cause the forward and backward motion of the stem.

Do not exceed a full rotation of the stem in a single motion.

Wind until the turning becomes hard, then stop. Be sure to wind the watch until you feel resistance.

Rotate the stem backward several times to relieve tension within the mechanism, especially in older watches.

Push the stem in towards the center of the watch to lock the winding mechanism in position.

Automatic winding watches are wound continuously by the natural movement of the wearer’s wrist.

However, they can stop if unworn. Generally, all that is needed is to put the watch on and wear it until the normal wrist movement restarts and winds the watch. Some automatic timepieces can also be wound manually, but others cannot. Consult the manufacturer’s documents for your timepiece to determine if the manual winding is possible, and for the correct method if it is possible. It is best to keep a watch wound and avoid having it stop and be restarted, especially if there are dates or other functions which must then be reset. An automatic watch winder is a good investment for a fine automatic timepiece.



Remove smudges and fingerprints from the crystal, case, and metal bracelet with a soft, clean cloth. The type of cloth used for cleaning camera lenses or spectacles is appropriate. Never use tissue, other paper products, or clothing material, as these can introduce scratches on the crystal.

Use the cloth gently and avoid pressing hard on the timepiece surface. Dirt or grit caught between the cleaning cloth and the surface can cause significant damage.

If your watch is water-resistant and less than 1 year old or has had water resistance certified by a qualified professional in the past year it is safe to use a soft brush and slightly soapy water to clean the metal parts and crystal. Be sure the crown is in place before beginning the cleaning and rinse the watch with clear water, and then dry it with a soft cloth.

Leather or other animal skin, fabric, or other natural material bands should not be cleaned with water as this may damage or discolour them. Normal wear will cause gradual changes that are to be expected and which cannot be avoided. Wipe perspiration or other moisture from the band to preserve the appearance as long as possible.



Timepieces should be stored without contact with each other or other items, such as jewelry. It is best to keep the watch in the original box or a case designed for storing multiple timepieces in separate compartments. Automatic watches are best stored in a watch winding device to keep them wound and operating.

Keep watches in a location that avoids extremes of temperature and humidity, out of direct sunlight, and never in the bathroom where moisture can cause damage. A closet or drawer is a good choice. Cigar humidors have been suggested as good for control of humidity and protection from light.

Very valuable watches, such as heirloom timepieces or those with precious stones should be kept in a secure location such as a safe, but always protected from impact and temperature/humidity extremes. Fire safes are not suitable for watches, as they promote moisture buildup. Even standard safes may require dehumidifying to protect the timepiece mechanism.